Male Infertility Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Male Infertility: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Almost one in 6 couples is affected by male infertility as per information maintained by World Health Organization.

In half of the infertility cases, it is the man who is found to bear the responsibility of not being able to make his spouse conceive after having intercourse for one year.

Not enough diagnostic tools and treatments are available for male infertility issues. Not enough research has been done.

For several centuries, women have been held responsible for not being able to bear children, and this has led to female-focused treatment and risky invasive procedures.

This blog sheds light on the signs that are recognizable as male infertility and its underlying causes which may help in finding appropriate treatments:

Symptoms of Male infertility

Male infertility primarily manifests itself through the female partner of a male who may not be able to conceive even after having one year of intercourse. 

It may be because of the dilated veins around the testes, hormonal or genetic disorders which may be stopping the sperm from flowing through the penis. 

Identifying the symptoms of male infertility would enable quick resolutions or a systematic recovery process. Such symptoms are:

Struggling to maintain erection: It may be related to when the man is not able to continue intercourse sessions after one minute of insertion. He may be meeting with early discharge or ejaculation.

Pain around the testes: It may be due to the development of a lump around the testes.

Respiratory diseases: Male infertility may be associated with respiratory tract disease in disorders such as cystic fibrosis and Kartagener's syndrome. Another such link is Young's syndrome, which is marked with bronchiectasis, obstructive azoospermia ( zero sperm count), and irregular testicular function.

Losing the sense of smelling: It is identified by medical terms as Kallmann syndrome. It is associated with male infertility because it numbs the sensory nerves of the brain in releasing testosterone and increasing sperm count.

Loss of facial hair: It is the indication of low testosterone or male hormone

Experiencing breast enlargement: Rise in estrogen level leading to increase in size of breast and low testosterone. 

Low sperm count: Less than 39 million sperm total per ejaculate.

Mental unwellness: It is triggered by the loss of libido or low male hormone level resulting in fatigueness and sexual incompetence.

Causes of male infertility 

Symptoms of male infertility lead to related or underlying causes 

which may be:

Low sperm production, low motility and abnormal sperm morphology

The blocked veins around the penile area of the male happen to affect the quality of sperm production negatively.

Such blocked veins are known to be Varicoceles which may be limiting the movement of sperm and causing irregularity in the sperm shapes.

Hormonal imbalances

Lack of testosterone, the most important male hormone responsible for heightening sexual behavior, and improving cognitive ability, physical capacity and functions.

Structural issues

It may be about the small size of the penis or a curved penis which can make the male incapable of fulfilling the sexual needs of his partner and failing in making his spouse from conceiving naturally.

Genetic background

Males with Klinefelter syndrome are more inclined to acquire cancer of the breast, additional tumors, and conditions such as type 2 diabetes, varicose veins and blood vessel difficulties, sexual function issues, and fragile bones later in life. 


Performing unprotected sex or through intravenous injections, many males are affected with sexually transmitted diseases and infections. Such ailments impair the male sexual capacity and production.


Blockage in the blood vessels in the penile area slows down the testosterone and sperm flow. That’s how male suffers from Klaibya or impotence.

Lifestyle disorders

Succumbing to alcohol, nicotine and different types of prohibited drugs, irregular work timings and dependence on fast food or eating anything unhygienic may degrade the quality of sperm and weaken the penile nerves which may cause poor erections.

Environmental conditions 

Exposure to environmental pollution or toxins damages the quality of sperm and thus causes hindrance in sexual performance.

Medical treatment

Medicines or treatments related to cancer which may be chemotherapy and radiation increase the chances of impairing the sexual potency and reproductive capacity of males.

Treatments for male infertility

Modern treatment

Allopathic drugs: Treatment options for infertility include hormonal treatments, antibiotics, and drugs to increase sperm production.

Surgery: It involves repairing blood vessels in the penis, obtaining sperm from the testicles.

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART):

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the direct insertion of sperm into the uterus.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the process of fertilizing eggs outside the body and then implanting them.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is the injection of a single sperm into an egg.

Ayurvedic Supplements and Panchkarma:

Fertility treatment through Ayurveda has been explored since the ancient Vedic period in India and other countries of the world.

It is encouraged even today as it has been found effective through the following herbs and not causing any side effects or physical complications:


Ashwagandha increases the desire for sexual intercourse in males, eases the flow of blood in the penile nerves, heightens testosterone and relieves stress.


It has been used by African tribesmen to increase the length and girth of the penis since early civilization days.

It increases the sex time and stamina of men and causes a firm erection for a longer time. Further, it will enable the man to gain reproductive capacity without causing any side effects.

Try Liv Muztang Mulondo Capsules

Kaunj Beej

To improve testosterone levels and enhance sperm quality, you can regularly consume Kaunj seeds. This is one of the best natural aphrodisiac to improve libido.


It plays a significant role in reversing male infertility symptoms with the help of natural oils, ghee, herbs and kwath.

It does help in relieving toxins and optimizing the doshas and strengthening the immune system. The processes of Virechana and Basti will balance the hormones, improve sperm count and motility and remove stress.

Lifestyle transformations

Consuming more vitamins, proteins and minerals like zinc will help in building muscles in the different parts of the male body and strengthening the tissues of the reproductive system.

Performing yoga and physical activity will improve the circulatory health, stimulate the motility of sperm and balance the doshas of the male.

Try Unani Medicine for Male Infertility

Mind counseling

Many males shy away from sharing their negative experiences and failures in establishing physical intercourse and emotional bonding with their partners. 

Disclosing the problems to any certified expert will help get stress-relieving suggestions and antidepressant medications and herbal drugs for stimulating the brain nerves for successful physical intercourse and reproduction.

Protection from environmental toxins

Drinking filtered water and eating organic matter or anything free from pesticides will render protection from DNA damage and oxidative stress. 

Make arrangements for inner ventilation to keep away from toxic air and pollutants which will stimulate sperm motility and boost fertility.


Problems of sexual incompetence and infertility are affecting millions of males. It have been always women burdened with the responsibility of not being able to conceive within a year of regular protection-free intercourse.

However, researchers have successfully proven that how majority of males fail to make their partners conceive naturally.

Male may face infertility issues owing to blockages in their penile and reproductive nerves, low testosterone and structural issues of the penis and poor mental health.

But through the path of oral medications, surgery and ayurvedic measures, one can improve the quality of intercourse and expand the family.

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